Bad Breath

Definition of Bad Breat: Bad breath is a health condition considered to be so embarrassing which has a great effect on at least 30% of the earth’s population. This condition is commonly identified as Halitosis.  The accompanied terms for medication associated with this type of condition are the ozostomia term, the fetororis term, and the stomatodysodia term.  Without paying attention to the respective terms that are used, this condition is regarded to be having a foul-smelling odor with its origin being the mouth cavity. This condition is likely to turn and be chronic if there is no any improvement after mouth rinsing by use mouthwash without any alcohol in it, brushing of the teeth and flossing.

The major causative factor for the foul type of odor smell is the anaerobic class made of bacteria that produces sulfur. Their breeding is under the tongue and occasionally in the tonsil area and the throat. Anaerobic is a common term meaning the survival in the absence of oxygen. Therefore, this is an indication that these type of bacteria can survive without oxygen. They are naturally located in the oral type of environment and offer an essential need as they help in the digestion process through protein break down to amino acids.

While these respective bacteria are feasting on the proteins available on the mouth, there is the excretion of the compounds of sulfur originating from the back side of the throat part and the tongue. The main excretion of these bacteria is waste in form of compounds known as the hydrogen sulfide, the methyl mercaptan, including the compounds that are odorous with a bad taste that is identified as a volatile type of Sulphur compounds.  Through the fact that these bacteria rely on the mouth and throat proteins as their food and then excrete these volatile type of Sulphur compounds, the associated breath is expected to be worse.

Bad Breath
Bad Breath

Bad Breath Causes

A mouth that is dry and identified with its medical term as Xerostomia offers a conducive atmosphere for the reproduction of the anaerobic type o bacteria. Speaking for a long period of time, alcohol drinks and even snoring are the minor factors leading to bad breath. A number of individuals mainly experiences this effect of having a breath that is bad every time when waking up since no saliva is produced while sleeping. For the type of individuals considered as healthy, the odors resulting from food are normally temporal activity and the normal process of salivary flow is capable of eliminating these odors within a number of minutes. On the other hand, dry mouth effects and lacking saliva, which mainly the minor cases of odors due to food are likely to cause issues that are long-term.

Bad breath can be exacerbated by some kind of foods like the onion and the garlic as they are made up of Sulphur compounds that are smelly. On the other hand, fish food, dairy food, and meat food are made up of large quantities of proteins that are used as sources of food by these anaerobic bacteria which produces sulfur compounds. Coffee and even juices cannot be excluded. They are likely to have a big contribution to the effect of bad odor since they are acids in nature and are the ones that provide a surrounding that is ideal for these bacteria.

Bad Breath
Bad Breath

The oral and inadequate type plays a big role in causing the developing of bacteria on the individual’s teeth and even on the teeth gums. Teeth have no ability to shed their surface. This makes it possible for the micro-organisms to attach themselves easily to your teeth where they remain for an extended period of time. Failure to remove them continuously through brushing that is adequate will allow the bacteria to develop and emerge into what is called the biofilm which is mainly identified as the dental plaque. If this plaque is given a chance of accumulating around the gum line, it will grow stronger on it leading to the destruction of the available teeth tissues and those of the gum as a result of the intense activity associated with the bacteria. This, in turn, causes gum diseases like the periodontitis and the gingivitis. These diseases do the fueling of the available bacteria that is responsible for the cause of the odor smell from the gums that are bleeding and the oral tissue that is diseased.

Finally, there is an argument that some percentage of the odor smell is due to certain illnesses.  This is common in the individuals suffering from the lung diseases, cancer, diabetes and kidney disease. These individuals are observed to be experiencing a chronic type of foul breath due to a mouth that is dry.

Symptoms of odor smell

The major symptoms accompanied by halitosis mainly rely on the causative factors. The commonly observed symptoms are like the postnasal drip, the bitter metallic type of taste, a whitish coat on the upper part of the patient’s tongue, and also saliva that is thick.  A number of people who are affected with this type of condition accompanied by dry mouth, normally find it hard to speak, to swallow, dry eyes and a sensation of burning on their mouths.


An instrument identified as the Halimeter is the one that is mainly used to identify this condition. This instrument gives a measurement of the hydrogen sulfide available in the parts of the respective individual.  The instrument uses an electrochemical type of voltmeter sensor that is patented and is responsible for providing the measured results.


The best to treat this problem is the use of the recommended mouthwashes and the toothpaste that is made up of the oxygenating agents like the chlorine dioxide or the sodium chlorite that will aid in neutralizing the volatile type of sulfur compounds. This will also help in controlling the bacteria that are responsible for causing the mouth odor.  The treatment for those experiencing the effects of dry mouth is the use of the saliva substitute for the purpose of moistening the mouth.